Chairs remained scarce throughout the Middle Ages, and occupation of a chair long symbolized authority or a mark of honour, and even a large house might possess only chairs for the lord and his wife and perhaps another for a distinguished visitor; the use of the word chairman is a modern reflection of this medieval custom. A series of inlaid chests with perspective architectural scenes, often called nonesuch chests, were either imported from Germany or made by German workmen in England. One was the rapidly increasing popularity of mahogany. His influence, though important, might have been greater if, instead of turning away from the machine, he had applied his high ideals to discovering a way in which machines might be used to the best advantage. Furniture industrial design In industrial design: In such furniture the art of the upholsterer reached its height through the use of elaborate tufting, tassels, and braids.
With the growth of British power in India in the 18th century, all Indo-European furniture styles came increasingly under English influence.
Wood Table Legs
His cabinets and tables were completely covered by sheets of tortoiseshell and brass cut into intricate patterns so as to fit into one another, the tortoiseshell alternately forming the pattern and the ground: These lacquered objects influenced European cabinetmakers. Turned legs largely replaced rectangular ones. The most typical pieces are the sideboard a piece of dining room furniture with compartments and shelves for dishes and the small secretary desk, both of which developed a peculiarly American form. This furniture, often made of oak, recalled the tradition of Elizabethan England and was turned and decorated with chip carving, often picked-out in earth colours. Strapwork, cartouches, and grotesque masks are characteristic features of this northern Renaissance style, and are found repeatedly in the pattern books of German and Flemish artists of the time—books of ornament which circulated among and influenced metalworkers, carvers, plasterers and furniture makers throughout the north. Beds were heavily draped to provide privacy, as the bed might be located in any room of the house.