Bone powder was subsequently demineralised in 1 mL 0. N investigations [ 11 ]. The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Mass peptide fingerprints were analysed using mMass software v5. Received Sep 13; Accepted Feb Sincere thanks go to Andrew Kitchener National Museums Scotland for help in the acquisition of the reference sample. Sub-micron spongiform porosity is the major ultra-structural alteration occurring in archaeological bone.
Zooarchaeology offers a unique perspective to understanding how biodiversity has changed in response to key parameters, such as geological time and prevailing geochemistry, along with climatic or anthropogenic fluctuations through time.
Technique Developed to Date Bone Collagen
A further 81 specimens, not previously radiocarbon dated, were also screened from a range of chambers within Green Cave, including five stratigraphic layers within a pilot excavation Table 2. Distinguishing between archaeological sheep and goat bones using a single collagen peptide. There are two key advantages of ZooMS collagen fingerprinting in this respect: Received Sep 13; Accepted Feb Conclusions Zooarchaeology offers a unique perspective to understanding how biodiversity has changed in response to key parameters, such as geological time and prevailing geochemistry, along with climatic or anthropogenic fluctuations through time. It is our hope that the results from this study will demonstrate the importance of the Cayman Island cave deposits, but more importantly inform decision makers who might generate legislation to protect these fragile cave systems within this globally important biodiversity hotspot. Radiocarbon dating is also destructive, especially when the specimens to be dated are small, and there are a number of commonly accepted issues that surround the success of this technique, including sample survival and contamination with external organics [ 5 ].